Throughout the long history of mankind, social and economic development by leaps and bounds has been driven by advanced science and technology. From the steam engine to electricity to information technology and digitalization, the advancement of science and technology has played a crucial role in all three industrial revolutions.
In fact, before these technologies were known to mankind, they were often given a certain mystique. For example, the Dujiangyan water conservancy project 2,000 years ago and the nine Victorian inventions, even nowadays, are called "black technologies".
The term "black technology", originally from the Japanese anime "Full Metal Rush", refers to scientific and technological innovations and their products that transcend the scope of human cognition or the existing level of technology, and have the characteristics of invisibility, breakthrough, transcendence and pioneering in one point. This article lists the six "black technologies" that can influence the future and may turn the world upside down, and explores what changes they will bring to all industries in the future.
3D printing is not a traditional printing technology, but contains the technical characteristics of additive manufacturing and rapid prototyping, and is also inseparable from the support of digital technology. Therefore, it is a multi-technology complex. In simple terms, it is 3D modeling with the help of digital technology, and based on this, bondable materials such as powdered metals or plastics are shaped into objects by means of layer-by-layer construction.
It is clear from this that 3D printing is completely different from traditional office equipment such as printers, and is more focused on manufacturing and product design, a more cutting-edge manufacturing technology and solution that will disrupt all industries and fields involved in manufacturing. With digital modeling technology can achieve rapid replication of parts to shorten the production cycle and reduce errors, greatly improve efficiency, reduce labor and other costs, completely change the traditional manufacturing industry.
At the same time, for consumers, 3D printing facilitates personalization. Manufacturers only need to provide digital models for users to choose to submit, and then directly produced and delivered to the user. The whole process is fully automated, efficient and convenient. Therefore, as an innovative manufacturing technology, 3D printing can also help promote a new business model, namely M2C (Manufacturers to Consumer), which allows manufacturers to directly face consumers, not only to meet their personalized needs, but also to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and ensure product quality and user satisfaction.
Currently, 3D printing has been applied in traditional industries such as industry, aviation, construction, and medicine. For example, the Russian State Technology Group recently announced that it will use 3D printing technology to manufacture aircraft parts; Italian architects have built the world's first 3D printed ecologically sustainable house to bring gospel to people affected by disasters; back in 2017, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich used 3D printing technology to create a flexible silicone heart; in addition, the case of designing and manufacturing dentures with 3D printing have long been commonplace.
VR (virtual reality) and AR (augmented reality) are two technologies that complement each other. Simply put, VR is the construction of a virtual scene to bring a new immersive experience; AR is the superimposition of relevant information in the original scene, again enhancing the experience and interactivity. VR, AR and MR are also commonly known as XR (Extended Reality), which is a fusion of three visual interaction technologies that seamlessly connects and transforms the virtual world with the real world, greatly enhancing immersion.
In contrast, VR is the earliest and most widely used, and is quite common in games and videos. Among them, we must mention VR glasses or VR headsets, Google, Samsung, Sony, Huawei and other consumer electronics manufacturers have launched corresponding products to bring users a better visual and gaming experience. At the same time, there are a large number of cases of VR applications in the commercial sector. For example, VR technology is used in simulated aircraft, driving school training and other fields, by creating realistic scenes and interactions, so that students can quickly adapt and put into practical operation, avoiding unnecessary risks.
AR applications are also divided into two categories, the first is the consumer side, a large number of leisure and entertainment tools on smartphones are built with AR technology. A typical example is the camera application, which adds fun by superimposing cute and funny special effects in the process of taking selfies through AR technology. The popular Japanese game Pokemon Go combines high precision maps with AR technology to guide people to go out and discover the unknown world. In addition, Alipay Chinese New Year sweeping fortune characters and collecting fortune cards, etc. are also typical AR applications.
On the other hand, AR can also be applied in overhaul scenarios in aviation, shipbuilding and other fields. Engineers put on special equipment and overlay tips through AR, which helps to quickly find and solve problems and significantly improve efficiency. Microsoft's HoloLens is the most typical industrialized AR headset, while also incorporating VR technology to become a more advanced MR device. In addition, public information shows that Apple is also developing MR-related headset devices to provide users with a better experience with other Apple devices.
In addition, the concept of "metaverse" is currently very hot, and is considered synonymous with the next generation of the Internet, aiming to create a realistic virtual scene or even a virtual world, while VR/AR/MR/XR is the fusion of virtual scene and interaction technology, so the industry generally refers to it as the entrance and basic technology of the metaverse. In order to embrace the metaverse, Facebook directly changed the name of the company to "Meta". However, it is still unknown whether the metaverse will change the Internet in the future, but VR/AR/MR/XR are bringing extraordinary new experiences to various industries.
Robots: Freeing Humans from Repetitive Labor
Robots, from Czech author Karel Capek's science fiction play "Rossum's Universal Robots". The play refers to robots as "robots," the Czech word for "slaves," which means tools that help humans do their jobs as an aid to them. Nowadays, robots are generally considered to have the basic characteristics of perception, decision-making, and execution to assist humans in completing dangerous and repetitive tasks, improving efficiency, reducing labor costs, and allowing humans to devote more energy to more creative work.
With the development and application of artificial intelligence and other new-generation information technology, whether it is Sophia, the "first robot to obtain national citizenship", or Spot, the Boston Dynamics robot dog that can "parkour", robots have been used in industry, medicine, agriculture, construction, military and other industries. The definition and classification of robots is quite complex.
The definition and classification of robots are quite complicated, mainly divided into service robots, industrial robots, and special robots. Among them, service robots mainly provide services for people, including two categories of home robots and commercial robots. For example, the popular companion robots are equipped with computer vision, voice recognition, natural language and other artificial intelligence technologies, which are like a "robot nanny" and play the role of accompanying children and the elderly; nowadays, restaurants, hotels, hospitals and shopping malls all have service robots, which can provide customers with guidance and The service robots are now found in restaurants, hotels, hospitals and shopping malls. In addition, there are cleaning robots, logistics robots, delivery robots, etc., to make life more convenient.
Unlike service robots, industrial robots and special robots focus on professionalism. Industrial robots include welding, handling, assembly, spraying and other industrial scenarios, assisting people to achieve efficiency improvements. Special robots are used in police, special environments, agriculture and security to replace human resources.
Now, in the context of labor shortage, robots are also entering the construction industry. At present, construction robots can not only bring efficiency improvement, but also reduce labor costs and promote the development of migrant workers to skilled workers, and promote the transformation and upgrading of the construction industry. However, on the track of construction robots, most companies are still in the R&D and testing stage, launching fewer products, and failing to form a systematic and large-scale layout. Meanwhile, the current difficulty of construction robots lies in the navigation system, which affects the robot's positioning perception, identification and accuracy of movement.